table tennis Bedeutung, Definition table tennis: 1. a game that is played on a large table where two or four players hit a ball over a low net using. Buy all your table tennis equipment including balls and bats as well as indoor and outdoor tables. Shop from Carlton, Donnay, Butterfly, Dunlop and more. Two generations later in GEWO started producing table tennis tables with great success. It took them approx. 10 years until the mid sixties to become the.
TischtennisSidespin November Schweizer Final Gubler School Trophy, November Annulliert. Turniere Lizenzierte. Ausschreibungen. Turniere. Your browser does not currently recognize any of the video formats available. Click here to visit our frequently asked questions about HTML5 video. Entdecken Sie Produkte und Kundenmeinungen passend zu table tennis rackets. Große Auswahl zu günstigen Preisen ✓ Kostenloser Versand möglich.
Table Tennis ITTF World Ranking Video✅ Bernadette SZOCS, table tennis player 🏓 Grand final 2017 between Liu Fei vs Bernadette SZOCS
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The topspin stroke has a smaller influence on the first part of the ball-curve. Like the backspin stroke, however, the axis of spin remains roughly perpendicular to the trajectory of the ball thus allowing for the Magnus effect to dictate the subsequent curvature.
After the apex of the curve, the ball dips downwards as it approaches the opposing side, before bouncing. On the bounce, the topspin will accelerate the ball, much in the same way that a wheel which is already spinning would accelerate upon making contact with the ground.
When the opponent attempts to return the ball, the topspin causes the ball to jump upwards and the opponent is forced to compensate for the topspin by adjusting the angle of his or her racket.
This is known as "closing the racket". The speed limitation of the topspin stroke is minor compared to the backspin stroke.
This stroke is the predominant technique used in professional competition because it gives the opponent less time to respond.
In table tennis topspin is regarded as an offensive technique due to increased ball speed, lower bio-mechanical efficiency and the pressure that it puts on the opponent by reducing reaction time.
It is possible to play defensive topspin-lobs from far behind the table, but only highly skilled players use this stroke with any tactical efficiency.
Topspin is the least common type of spin to be found in service at the professional level, simply because it is much easier to attack a top-spin ball that is not moving at high speed.
This type of spin is predominantly employed during service, wherein the contact angle of the racket can be more easily varied. Unlike the two aforementioned techniques, sidespin causes the ball to spin on an axis which is vertical, rather than horizontal.
The axis of rotation is still roughly perpendicular to the trajectory of the ball. In this circumstance, the Magnus effect will still dictate the curvature of the ball to some degree.
Another difference is that unlike backspin and topspin, sidespin will have relatively very little effect on the bounce of the ball, much in the same way that a spinning top would not travel left or right if its axis of rotation were exactly vertical.
This makes sidespin a useful weapon in service, because it is less easily recognized when bouncing, and the ball "loses" less spin on the bounce.
Sidespin can also be employed in offensive rally strokes, often from a greater distance, as an adjunct to topspin or backspin.
This stroke is sometimes referred to as a "hook". The hook can even be used in some extreme cases to circumvent the net when away from the table.
Players employ this type of spin almost exclusively when serving, but at the professional level, it is also used from time to time in the lob.
Unlike any of the techniques mentioned above, corkspin or " drill-spin " has the axis of spin relatively parallel to the ball's trajectory, so that the Magnus effect has little or no effect on the trajectory of a cork-spun ball: upon bouncing, the ball will dart right or left according to the direction of the spin , severely complicating the return.
In theory this type of spin produces the most obnoxious effects, but it is less strategically practical than sidespin or backspin, because of the limitations that it imposes upon the opponent during their return.
Aside from the initial direction change when bouncing, unless it goes out of reach, the opponent can counter with either topspin or backspin.
A backspin stroke is similar in the fact that the corkspin stroke has a lower maximum velocity, simply due to the contact angle of the racket when producing the stroke.
To impart a spin on the ball which is parallel to its trajectory, the racket must be swung more or less perpendicular to the trajectory of the ball, greatly limiting the forward momentum that the racket transfers to the ball.
Corkspin is almost always mixed with another variety of spin, since alone, it is not only less effective but also harder to produce. Competitive table tennis is popular in East Asia and Europe , and has been [ vague ] gaining attention in the United States.
Continental competitions include the following:. League , France , Germany Bundesliga , and Russia are examples of the highest level.
There are also some important international club teams competitions such as the European Champions League and its former competitor, [ vague ] the European Club Cup , where the top club teams from European countries compete.
In particular, Chinese-born players representing Singapore have won three Olympic medals, more than native Singaporeans have ever won in all sports.
However, these successes have been very controversial in Singapore. The rate of naturalization accelerated after the ITTF 's decision one year after China won every possible Olympic medal in the sport to reduce the number of entries per association in both the Olympics and the World Table Tennis Championships.
In , the ITTF adopted new regulations which state that players who acquired a new nationality may not represent their new association before: .
The following table presents an exhaustive list of all players to have completed a grand slam. Jörgen Persson Sweden also won the titles except the Olympic Games.
Persson is one of the three table tennis players to have competed at seven Olympic Games. Ma Lin China won both the Olympic gold and the World Cup, but lost three times, in , , and in the finals of the World Championships.
Founded in , the International Table Tennis Federation ITTF is the worldwide governing body for table tennis, which maintains an international ranking system in addition to organizing events like the World Table Tennis Championships.
On many continents, there is a governing body responsible for table tennis on that continent. Hardbat table tennis uses rackets with short outward "pips" and no sponge, resulting in decreased speeds and reduced spin.
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Main article: Table tennis racket. Shakehand grip. Traditional penhold Ryu Seung-min. See also: List of naturalised Olympic table tennis players from China.
For a more comprehensive list, see List of table tennis players. Main category: Table tennis organizations. The New York Times Company. Archived from the original on 10 May Retrieved 29 August Archived from the original on 7 August Retrieved 25 June The New York Times.
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The service changes after each point. Table tennis may be played with one player at each end of the table or with two players at each end who may be both men or both women or one of each.
Table tennis as well as being fully organized is also extremely popular as a recreational game and is so played in all types of sports clubs, social clubs, and game rooms, in the home, and even out-of-doors when conditions are reasonably calm.
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Victor Barna World table tennis champion, men's singles, , —35; men's doubles, —35; mixed doubles, , Author of Table Tennis Today. See Article History.
ServeThe ball and racket must be behind and above the table during the serve. From the upturned palm of the server's motionless free hand, the ball is tossed upward and struck as it falls so that it first hits the server's half of the table, travels over or around the net, and then hits the opponent's half of the table.
Forehand driveThe drive is executed close to the table so the ball may be struck at the peak of its arc.
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